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Hydration Science

Hydration and muscular performance: does fluid balance affect strength, power and high-intensity endurance?

Judelson, D.A., et al. Sports Medicine. 2007;37(10):907-21.

High-intensity endurance, Strength, Power

Influence of moderate dehydration on soccer performance: physiological responses to 45 min of outdoor match-play and the immediate subsequent performance of sport-specific and mental concentration tests

Edwards, A.M., et al. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2007;41(6):385-91.

Endurance, Fatigue

Dehydration impairs vigilance-related attention in male basketball players

Lindsay, B.B., et al. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2007;39(6): 976-983.

Mental acuity

Dehydration and Symptoms of Delayed-Onset Muscle Soreness in Normothermic Men

Cleary, M.A., et al. Journal of Athletic Training. 2006;41(1):36-45.

Recovery, Strength

Individualized hydration plans improve performance outcomes for collegiate athletes engaging in in-season training

Ayotte, D. et al. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition. 2018;15(1):27.

Jump distance, Reaction time, Recovery

Minor degree of hypohydration adversely influences cognition: a mediator analysis

Benton, D., et al. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2016;104(3):603-12.

Mental acuity, Memory, Attention

Hypohydration effects on skeletal muscle performance and metabolism: a 31P-MRS study

Montain, S.J., et al. Journal of Applied Physiology. 1998; 84(6): 1889–1894.

Fatigue, Muscle endurance

Effect of Hypohydration on Muscle Endurance, Strength, Anaerobic Power and Capacity and Vertical Jumping Ability: A Meta-Analysis

Savoie, F.A., et al. Sports Medicin. 2015;45(8):1207-27.

Strength, Muscle endurance

The influence of intermittent high-intensity shuttle running and fluid ingestion on the performance of a soccer skill

McGregor, S.J., et al. Journal of Sports Science. 1999;17(11):895-903.


Impact of Pre-exercise Hypohydration on Aerobic Exercise Performance, Peak Oxygen Consumption and Oxygen Consumption at Lactate Threshold: A Systematic Review with Meta-analysis

Deshayes, T.A., et al. Sports Medicine. 2020;50(3):581-596.

Aerobic performance, Fatigue, Recovery

Effects of Dehydration and Rehydration on Cognitive Performance and Mood among Male College Students in Cangzhou, China: A Self-Controlled Trial

Zhang, N., et al. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019;16(11):1891.

Mental Acuity

Impact of mild dehydration on wellness and on exercise performance

Maughan, R. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2003; 57: S19–S23.

Mental acuity, Fatigue

Short sleep duration is associated with inadequate hydration: cross-cultural evidence from US and Chinese adults

Rosinger, A.Y., et al. Sleep. 2019;42(2).


Impact of rapid weight loss on cognitive function in collegiate wrestlers

Choma, C.W., et al. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: 1998;30(5): 746-749.

Mood, Mental acuity

Examination of fatigue development in elite soccer in a hot environment: a multi-experimental approach

Mohr, M., et al. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 2010;20 Suppl 3:125-32.

Speed, Fatigue

Progressive dehydration causes a progressive decline in basketball skill performance

Baker, L.B., et al. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2007;39(7):1114-23.


Dehydration and Symptoms of Delayed-Onset Muscle Soreness in Hyperthermic Males

Cleary, M.A., et al. Journal of Athletic Training. 2005;40(4):288-297.

Recovery, Strength

Mechanisms of aerobic performance impairment with heat stress and dehydration

Cheuvront, S.N., et al. Journal of Applied Physiology. 2010;109(6):1989-95.

Aerobic performance, Health, Heat stroke

Thermal and circulatory responses during exercise: effects of hypohydration, dehydration, and water intake

Armstrong, L.E., et al. Journal of Applied Physiology. 1997; 82(6): 2028–2035.

Health, Cardiovascular strain

Dehydration Reduces Posterior Leg and Trunk Flexibility and Increases Stiffness in Male Collegiate Age Runners

Ullucci, P.A., et al. European Journal of Sports & Exercise Science. 2017;5(2).

Flexibility, Stiffness, Recovery
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